SALSA 2019 Posters

Poster presentations
SALSA XII Sesquiannual Conference 2019

 

Poster session 1

Friday, 28 June, 9:30-11:10

WMW, Ground floor (location 5)

ChairDiana Rosas Riaño, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

 

Sarunas JomantasInterethnic Enjoyment, Myth and Materialismsarunas jomantas poster small

Social antagonisms within capitalist societies are steeped between a ‘logic of fantasy’ mystifying objective appearances, and a capitalist ‘logic of production’, distorting and hiding structural contradictions. Against this backdrop, contextual and theoretical insights are essential to elucidate the role of fantasies and delusions embedded in the complex interplay between the Marxian commodity form, and the human psyche, where it is conceived. Using a novel approach, based on the Lacanian psychoanalysis, continuous human reproduction of the capitalist market economy is scrutinized, including therein-forged subjectivities and their overall commodification. Using the inter-ethnic frontier of the northeastern Amazon as a case study, the research aims to clarify the paradoxical ability of capitalism to successfully submit people to a depriving market economy, while as a byproduct simultaneously evoking the semblance of their enjoyment in such a process.


Mònica Martínez Mauri / Gemma Orobitg CanalMedios indígenas: un proyecto comparativo y pluralPoster proposal Martinez Mauri Monica y Orobitg Canal Gemma

Este poster quiere dar a conocer los objetivos y resultados del proyecto “Pueblos indígenas, medios de comunicación y significados del conflicto en América Latina” (2016-2018) realizado por investigadores de distintas universidades. A partir de un enfoque etnográfico y un trabajo de colaboración con comunicadores indígenas de toda América Latina, el proyecto se centra en estudiar tanto las especificidades locales, como los aspectos comunes, de los medios de comunicación usados y creados por los pueblos indígenas de las tierras bajas suramericanas, los Andes, Mesoamerica y América Central. Se trata de un proyecto diseñado para facilitar y multiplicar los intercambios entre académicos, comunicadores, organizaciones, creadores, y población indígena en general. Entre sus resultados más visibles destaca la elaboración de un mapa y una página web (mediosindigenas.ub.edu)


Naomi RattundeChaquiras de las tierras altas y bajas de SudaméricaRattunde_Poster_SALSA

En este póster esbozaré mi proyecto de investigación doctoral sobre chaquiras, término que aglutina tanto cuentas de una variedad de materiales como los artefactos hechos de las mismas. Las cuentas, especialmente las de vidrio, han sido objetos de intercambio y de negociación de alteridad e identidad en la “zona de contacto” y más allá. Los artefactos de chaquira son elementos sustanciales para la creación de cuerpos humanos y están relacionados con mitologías y prácticas rituales. Presentaré la base material de mi investigación, que son las chaquiras arqueológicas y etnográficas en el museo universitario BASA en Bonn, enfocándome en los materiales de tierras bajas. Ejemplificaré que el estudio de las chaquiras en una perspectiva de larga duración y comparativa entre tierras altas y bajas de Sudamérica puede contribuir a comprender más profundamente las relaciones entre seres humanos, no-humanos y artefactos en las sociedades amerindias.


Daniel Fernandes MoreiraTerritorio kukama: El mapeo territorializado, cartográfico y cosmológico en la Amazonía peruanaTerritorio Kukama - Poster - Salsa 2019 Daniel F Moreira 1

Entre los amerindios Kukama (hablantes de la lengua Tupí de la Amazonía occidental), existe una imaginación conceptual que les permite tejer y transformar su multiverso, toda esa ideología está plasmada en su iconografía material contemporánea y ancestral. Apoyándome en 5 etapas de campo (octubre de 2017 – febrero de 2019), este poster tiene por objetivo presentar los resultados de la etnografía realizada con los sabios y apus de las comunidades ubicadas dentro y fuera de la Reserva Nacional Pacaya Samiria (Loreto, Perú), posibilitando la realización del primer mapeo territorializado, cartográfico y cosmológico. Siendo así, en un escenario etnológico de las tierras bajas tropicales, es posible reflexionar sobre las diferentes formas de manejo, distribución del patrón de asentamientos y dinámicas de los grupos locales ubicados entre los ríos Marañón, Ucayali y Amazonas, contribuyendo con una nueva configuración, interpretación y protección del territorio Kukama.


Poster session 2

Saturday, 29 June, 16:40-18:20

WMW, Ground floor (location 5)

Chair: Juan Castrillón, University of Pennsylvania, USA

 

Charlotte HoskinsBody & Soul: Technical, Vital Processes on Guyana’s Frontier

In this poster I will outline my docHoskins Poster Salsa 2019toral research project which considers techniques of body formation among Makushi communities in Guyana. Ethnographic research demonstrates that the Amazonian body is not given, but made by way of vernacular processes; however, Makushi bodies are increasingly brought into being not only through Makushi techniques, but also through techniques of governmental oversight, measurement and intervention. My research explores the interrelations of Makushi body-making techniques with the interventions of national public health systems by tracing the ongoing formation both of bodies and the techniques which maintain them. As part of my research project, ;I plan to critically consider the extent to which the châine opèratoire as a method can be used to document the making of bodies.


 

Adriana Montanaro MenaIn search of justice: Indigenous in Costa Rica against “El Diquís” Dam20190608-Poster In Search of Justice-02

The research is about the strategies of an indigenous group bröran to stop the government’s plan to build El Diquís, an hydroelectrical project in the “Territorio indígena de Térraba”. Doing that, they had to confront in their daily live the racism in the near city, Buenos Aires- who defended the dam’s project. The poster presents a review of their activities (2006-2011), interactions with other social actors and the main discourses used to stop the dam and the work, that already had begun in Térraba. It shows the difficulties for the indigenous groups regarding the project and the role of international institutions in the process to stop El Diquís. The sociology of knowledge approach to discourse (after Keller) was used to analyse the discourses.


Waka KuboyamaPre-Columbian Costa Rican Axe-god Jade Pendant: A New Archaeological Perspective on Crafting Technologies

Poster Kuboyama.Waka_web

The Axe-god jade pendants form the majority of Costa Rican jade artifacts. The utilization of these pendants was accompanied by the emergence of social complexity and hierarchy, and are interpreted as a symbol of status and prestigious objects. These pendants were valued for their celt-like shape. The superior region is typified by human or animal curving while the inferior axe portion is not decorated. In previous studies, it hasn’t answered to a basic question, “how crafting people behaved with the artifact”. The Axe-god itself has plenty of crafting traits (string-sawing, polishing, and perforation) which would help us to reconstruct the activity of the crafting people. This paper focuses on step-by-step production of Axe-god, which were to be organized according to an internal logic specific to the groups, ;hence the technological variation is important aspect to know not only life-history of the artefacts, but also human interaction and social background.


Irene TorreggianiManaging water and social outreach: past, present and future human adaptation to fluvial environments in Chontales, central NicaraguaTorreggiani

Alluvial valleys are dynamic environments that continuously change under the influences of flooding and erosive processes caused by climatic and tectonic events. Periodical inundations and draught are strongly affecting subsistence economies of many small-scale Nicaraguan communities, bringing the problem of water availability or floods as a central issue. The aim of PRISMA (Proyecto Arqueolόgico Interdisciplinario Santa Matilde) is to identify major environmental changes at the Roberto Amador site (Juigalpa, Chontales) and determine how pre-Columbian populations responded to these impacts. Fluvial and archaeological variations have been investigated through the integration of archaeological, geoarchaeological archaeobotanical and remote sensing techniques. Alongside with the academic research, from January 2018, multiple outreach events have been organized in the rural community of Aguas Buenas. This knowledge-sharing is helping preserving and actively applying the local knowledge in order to create a more equal and sustainable strategy for local populations to cope with extreme alluvial event and water scarcity.


–Carlos D. Londoño Sulkin (SALSA President 2017-2020), Jeremy M. Campbell (SALSA President-Elect 2020-2023), Laura Zanotti (Secretary-Treasurer 2017-2020), Claudia Augustat (SALSA 2019 Conference Organizer), Juan Alvaro Echeverri (SALSA 2019 Academic Program Chair), Glenn Shepard (SALSA Webmaster).