SALSA 2019 Panels/Workshops XII Sesquiannual Conference

Thematic Panels, Workshops and Sessions
2019 SALSA XII Sesquiannual Conference, Vienna, Austria


Thematic Panels

  1. Urban Imaginaries in Native Amazonia: Tales of Alterity, Power, and Defiance
  2. Creating, Transforming, Transmitting… – Creative Processes in Myth, Ritual and the Everyday in Lowland South America
  3. Indigenous futures: anthropology of the forthcoming in native Amazonia
  4. The Chibchan Peoples
  5. Configuraciones de la violencia y del conflicto en Espacios Periféricos
  6. Memorias de violencia, visiones para el futuro: perspectivas antropológicas en contextos de pos-conflicto amazónicos
  7. Addressing Power Asymmetries: Hopes and Experiences of New Forms of Participation and Collaboration in Lowland South America
  8. Cristianismos controvertidos: diversificación de los modelos cristianos y relaciones interdenominacionales en las tierras bajas de América del Sur
  9. Gender Reconfigurations in Indigenous Amazonia
  10. Native Objects, World Histories: studies of Brazilian indigenous objects in European Museums
  11. Emptied landscapes and stranger items: Erasures, non-relationaility and reimaginations
  12. Indigenous childhoods and environmental transformations


Thematic Sessions

  1. Outside views and indigenous realities
  2. Sensing and knowing a transforming world
  3. Ambivalent Encounters: Emotions, Memory, Power

PANEL 01: Urban Imaginaries in Native Amazonia: Tales of Alterity, Power, and Defiance

Fernando Santos-Granero, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
Emanuele Fabiano, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú – PUCP, Peru

Chairs: Fernando Santos-Granero, Emanuele Fabiano
Discussant: Jonathan D. Hill, Southern Illinois University – Carbndale, USA

The powerful allure that big cities have exerted, and continue to exert, over the imaginaries of native Amazonian peoples has transformed these places into models for the representation of extreme alterity under the guise of extraordinary, other-than-human worlds. Indigenous mythical and cosmological discourse has peopled the land with underground cities, subaquatic metropolis and celestial towns that are normally invisible to lay people. These urban settings are characterized by a strong identification with the symbols of the highly urbanized and industrial national societies of which native Amazonian peoples form part. They often include elements regarded as being emblematic of city life: streets, cars, stores, banks, hospitals, and high rises. They are places characterized by the abundance of consumer goods, money, complex technologies, bizarre alimentary customs, and alien –often contrary– social and political forms of organization; places whose urban structure, architecture and metropolitan practices are no longer mere narrative props, but the means to convey indigenous concerns about the nature of power and alterity, but also of domination and defiance. In a juncture where increasing numbers of native Amazonians are moving to large towns and cities, the study of these urban imaginaries is not a mere exoticizing ethnographic endeavor, but an academic imperative. Through the systematic analysis of these urban imaginaries as represented in myths, cosmological discourse and narratives of personal experiences, we seek to understand the reasons for their widespread diffusion as well as their possible meanings.

Panel Schedule

Thursday, 27 June, WMW Forum
Session 1
13:50 14:10 Daniela Peluso. A tale of three cities: power relations amidst Ese Eja urban imaginaries.
14:10 14:30 Natalia Buitrón-Arias. Cities of the Forest: A Utopia that Averts Thousand Dystopias or Power through Urbanization among the Shuar of Ecuadorian Amazonia.
14:30 14:50 Robin Wright. “Cities” in the Hohodene Cosmos: Spaces of Alterity and Power as Exegetical Tools in Mythic Narrative.
14:50 15:10 Emanuele Fabiano. Arboreal City-States, Phyto-Warfare, and Dendritic Societies: An Urarina Metropolitan View of the World.
15:10 15:30 Questions
Session 2
16:00 16:20 Peter Gow. “Work Colleagues, Neighbors and Friends”: The Existential Projects of Urban Dwellers in Peruvian Amazonia.
16:20 16:40 Adriana Queiroz Testa. Ambivalent liaisons with(in) the city and beyond: alterity and power among the Guarani Mbya.
16:40 17:00 Pirjo Kristiina Virtanen. Parallel narratives and relationality lost in modern urban Amazonia.
17:00 17:40 Extended period of Questions
Friday, 28 June, WMW Forum
Session 3
9:30 9:50 Philippe Erikson. “Originally, Riberalta was called Xëbiya and it was ruled by Mawa Maxokiri…” Urban Imaginaries and Urban Migration among the Chacobo (Beni, Bolivia).
9:50 10:10 Fernando Santos-Granero. The Deep Roots of Southern Arawak Urban Imaginaries: Tales of Alterity in the “Longue Durée”.
10:10 10:30 Questions
10:30 11:10 Comments by Jonathan D. Hill

PANEL 02: Creating, Transforming, Transmitting… – Creative Processes in Myth, Ritual and the Everyday in Lowland South America

Ernst Halbmayer, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany
Anne Goletz, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany

Chairs: Ernst Halbmayer, Anne Goletz

This panel focuses on creative processes and the semantics fields of formation, reproduction and reconfiguration of life, the world and the living. Which actions and processes are involved in creative processes? Which technics and forms of knowledge are implemented? How are these processes conceptualized and linguistically expressed in myth and everyday life, and ritually enacted? How are these processes transformed and used to deal with the contemporary world? How is the creative potential of Others (spirits, gods, whites) conceptualized and what is the relationship between creation and destruction? Creative processes have been analyzed in terms of rituals with specific focus on the transformative power of music and instruments, in terms of fabrication and constructional understandings of personhood, as well as in terms of metamorphosis and of becoming an Other. This panel asks for the links of creative everyday practices, rituals and myth. Myths explain the transformation of formerly existing conditions, the creation of different forms of life and the transmission of goods through mythical beings in a historical-mythical past. But in how far do these processes permeate into everyday life and manifest themselves in environmental phenomena, landscapes, objects, the body and socio-cultural phenomena or much more contradict everyday practices? Of special interest are papers that theorize creative processes beyond the logics of the material and the immaterial, that scrutinize established theoretical knowledge based on new empirical research or that show from a comparative perspective the differences and continuities of creative processes and practices across Lowland South America and beyond.

Panel Schedule

Saturday, 29 June, WMW DG41
Session 1
14:30 14:50 Ernst Halbmayer. Mythical Actors and Forms of Creation among Carib and Chibcha-speaking Groups of Northern South America.
14:50 15:10 Alessandro Mancuso. The “Twin myth” among the Wayuu in comparative perspective.
15:10 15:30 Matthias Lewy. Intersemiotic Translations (Transmutations) in Mythical Complexes in the Guianas.
15:30 15:50 Juan Castrillón. Dis-appearing the Yuruparí in Three Acts, or A Shamanic Organology without Instruments: Woman Laughter, Radio Towers, and Sound Recordings in the Uaupés.
15:50 16:10 Questions
Session 2
16:40 17:00 Jonathan D. Hill. The Chant-Owner and his Music: Steps toward an Integrated Musical and Mythic Approach to the Poetics of Social Life in an Amazonian Community.
17:00 17:20 Elke Mader. Nunkui, the Potter: Creativity, Ontology, and Myth.
17:20 17:40 Bernd Brabec de Mori. Contemporary Inka – The presence of the remote past in Panoan mythology.
17:40 18:00 Anne Goletz. Corn Master Osema – On Transmitting Mythical Knowledge into the Everyday in the Serranía del Perijá, Northern Colombia.
18:00 18:20 Questions
Sunday, 30 June, WMW DG41
Session 3
10:00 10:20 Marie Claude Mattei Müller. The basketry, testimony of a mythical thought in the indigenous cultures of Venezuela: an ancestral art, today between tradition and innovation.
10:20 10:40 Alfonso Otaegui. “You only cry for the good Ayoreo”: On ritual wailing and the poetic creation of normativity in the northern Paraguayan Chaco.
10:40 11:00 Nora Bammer. Vocal Shuar masks in motion: Shuar tonal techniques for transformation and their current recontextualization.
11:00 11:40 Extended period of questions

PANEL 03: Indigenous futures: anthropology of the forthcoming in native Amazonia

Camilla Morelli, University of Bristol, UK
Amy Penfield, University of Bristol, UK

Chairs: Camilla Morelli, Amy Penfield

Abstract: This panel considers how indigenous Amazonians imagine, discuss and negotiate the future amidst radical economic and political changes that are affecting Amazonia and Latin America more broadly – such as growing urbanisation, migratory processes, the arrival of new materialities, the impact of state policies and globalised media, and so forth. Our aim is to focus on how indigenous peoples navigate and envisage transformative futures in ways that intermingle with political, cosmological and practical aspects of Amazonian life; but also how emerging narratives on “the future of Amazonia” promoted by the state, NGOs and other external agencies impinge on indigenous cosmologies and ontologies. We invite participants to consider the following questions: What emerging subjectivities take form with increased engagement with the state and non-indigenous society, whether discordant or consistent with their existing ethos, morality and cosmology?; how are ongoing economic and political changes affecting indigenous notions of, but also expectations for, their future lives? How have indigenous temporal frames been affected by this contemporary engagement?; how do different generations of Amazonians envisage their future amidst radical transformations that are affecting Amazonia and Latin America at large such as resource extraction, party politics, NGO ideologies, beauty contests, and increased technology use?, how can indigenous people and anthropologists engage in a mutual conversation and explore paths towards establishing a sustainable future?

Panel Schedule

Friday, 28 June, KHM Vortragssaal
Session 1
14:30 14:50 Amy Penfield, The Terror of Imminence: Temporality and approaching non-indigenous worlds in Amazonia.
14:50 15:10 Victor Sacha Cova, “I will kill everybody, then the army will kill me”: Extermination scenarios among the Shuar.
15:10 15:30 Luis Garcia-Briceño, The future is (almost) now: Immediatism and Change in Christian Dhe’kwana’s understandings of time.
15:30 16:10 Discussion
Session 2
16:40 17:00 Camilla Morelli, The Right to Change: Social Transformation and the Uncertain Futures of Matses Children in Peru.
17:00 17:20 Glenn H. Shepard Jr., Kaya-Pop: Appropriation, authenticity and indigenous modernity in Brazil.
17:20 17:40 Discussion
Saturday, 29 June, KHM Vorgragsraum
Session 3
11:00 11:20 Anibal Arregui, Corporeal Afrofuturism: Quilombola Horticulture, Kinesthesia and the Ecopolitics of Abundance.
11:20 11:40 Oscar Espinosa, Ancestors and Descendants: Different indigenous youth’s ways for dealing with their ethnic identity and their future in the Peruvian Amazon region.
11:40 12:00 Louis Forline, What’s next? Prospects and challenges for the Awá-Guajá in the times of Bolsonaro.
12:00 12:40 Discussion
Session 4
14:30 14:50 Virgilio Bomfim, Culture in our hands: Semantic bridges between indigenous peoples and Western society in the era of projects.
14:50 15:10 Aleksandra Wierucka, Between Oil and Tourism – Young Huaorani’s Plans for the Future.
15:10 15:30 Natalia García Bonet, The future is in the past: Indigenous people and the Bolivarian revolution’s “new man”.
15:30 16:10 Discussion

PANEL 04: The Chibchan Peoples

Manuel Lizarralde, Connecticut College, USA
Juan Camilo Niño Vargas, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
Stephen Beckerman, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Chair: Juan Camilo Niño Vargas

Abstract: At contact, the Chibchan speaking peoples inhabited a compact zone stretching from southeastern Central America to far northwestern South America. Although the linguistic and genetic similarity of these peoples is well documented, they manifested considerable differences in other anthropological dimensions. They inhabited both montane and lowland environments. They ranged in social organization from robustly egalitarian tribal groups to the paramount chiefdom (or perhaps proto-state) of the Muiscas, the most accomplished gold workers in the New World. Their kin terminological systems were diverse, comprising Hawaiian, Dravidian and Iroquois terminologies. Their religious practices ranged from an egalitarian shamanism to a specialized and highly trained priesthood. Although some traits have been suggested as common to all or almost all the Chibchan peoples—e.g. an absence of internal warfare, a set of cosmological principles that contrasted with those of the surrounding peoples—it remains in dispute as to whether one can speak of a common core of Chibchan culture. In the last decade a good deal of research has been done among the twenty odd surviving Chibchan peoples, and this work is continuing. This symposium brings together Chibchan researchers of various orientations—ethnographers, ethno-historians, linguists, geneticists, archaeologists—to share their findings and cross-fertilize their research programs. The papers to be presented here offer ethnographic, archaeological, linguistic and genetic data intended to address the question of just how similar the Chibchan peoples were and are, an inquiry that addresses such important issues as cultural inheritance and the origins and maintenance of ethnicity.

Panel Schedule

Friday, 28 June, KHM Bassano Saal
Session 1 (note that this session begins 10 min earlier and ends 10 minutes later than the normal time slot)
14:20 14:30 Introduction
Biological Anthropology
14:30 14:50 Norberto Francisco Baldi. Mitochondrial diversity of six Honduran indigenous populations: Exploring the genetic boundaries of Chibchan Speaking populations.
14:50 15:10 Humberto Ossa Reyes. Analysis of admixture in Native American populations from Colombia.
15:10 15:25 Discussion
Archaeology and History
15:25 15:45 John Hoopes. “Diffuse Unity”, Chibchan Archaeology, and the Isthmo-Colombian Area: Assessing the Utility of Provisional Concepts.
15:45 16:05 Scott Palumbo / Keilyn Rodríguez-Sánchez. The Historic and Ethnographic Use of Knotted String Records in southern Central America.
16:05 16:20 Discussion
Session 2
16:40 16:45 Introduction
Comparative Linguistics
16:45 17:05 Matthias Pache. Linguistic diversity within Chibchan.
17:05 17:25 Natalia Bermudez. An interdisciplinary empirical reconstruction of Chibchan spirituality.
17:25 17:45 Discussion
Saturday, 29 June, KHM Bassano Saal
Session 3
11:00 11:05 Introduction
Comparative Ethnology
11:05 11:25 Marcos Guevara Berger (remote connection). Estudio comparativo de los sistemas de parentesco de los pueblos chibchenses, líneas hipotéticas sobre su evolución.
11:25 11:45 Stephen Beckerman. Semi-sedentism among Chibchan peoples.
11:45 12:05 Juan Camilo Niño Vargas. La cosecha de animales: la agricultura como marco para manejo del entorno entre los Chibchas.
12:05 12:40 Discussion
Session 4
14:30 14:35 Introduction
Ethnographical Studies
14:35 14:55 Mònica Martínez Mauri. A common core of Chibchan culture? Internal organisation and conflict management among the Guna (Panama).
14:55 15:15 María del Rosario Ferro. Tracing ancestral connections: walking and thinking through Donald Tayler’s writing in Ika territory in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
15:15 15:35 Jeffrey David Ehrenreich / Judy Kempf. The Awá-Coaiquer of the Northwest Littoral Region of Ecuador: Environment, Dissembling, Ritual and the Maintenance of Ethnic Identity.
15.35 16.10 Discussion

PANEL 05: Configuraciones de la violencia y del conflicto en Espacios Periféricos

Laura Pérez Gil, Unversidade Federal de Paraná, Brazil
Esther Jean Langdon, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Anne Marie Losonczy, Independent scholar, France

Chairs: Anne Marie Losonczy, Esther Jean Langdon, Laura Pérez Gil
Anne Marie Losonczy, Independent scholar, France
Mauricio Pardo, Universidad de Caldas, Colombia

La multiplicación de materiales etnográficos sobre nuevas formas de violencia que afectan a poblaciones indígenas en el mundo contemporáneo sugiere la necesidad de ampliar la reflexión iniciada en 2017 en Lima sobre la relación entre chamanismo y violencia. Entendemos por “configuraciones de la violencia y del conflicto” situaciones o acontecimientos en los cuales el campo relacional que une a los actores se articula alrededor de actos de violencia física, armada o simbólica. Los objetivos de este panel son dar continuidad al análisis de la conexión entre chamanismo y violencia como estrategia, respuesta o forma de resistencia frente a diversas formas de violencia que los grupos indígenas sufren, y, especialmente, explorar la emergencia de nuevas formas de violencia y de resolución de conflictos en contextos indígenas, tanto rurales como urbanos. Estas se deben a diversos factores, como el surgimiento de nuevos modos de organización política, la aparición de jerarquías en las sociedades locales o situaciones de violencia armada duradera en el contexto nacional. En esta perspectiva, parece importante restituir y analizar la recomposición de relaciones y estatus entre generaciones y géneros, y los modos violentos de gestionar estas nuevas diferencias. Además, es necesario encuadrar estas líneas temáticas en una reflexión más general sobre los retos de la aproximación etnográfica de las violencias. Estas constituyen un objeto antropológico reciente, especialmente en el campo de la etnología amazónica y plantean desafíos metodológicos y éticos que conviene desentrañar.

Panel Schedule

Saturday, 29 June, WMW Forum
Session 1
11:00 11:20 Agathe Faure. Forced displacement of Embera Dobida families in Medellin and social reconfigurations around violence.
11:20 11:40 Marco Tobón. Os bailes rituais e a cura da guerra. A Amazônia indígena nos pós-acordos de paz na Colômbia
11:40 12:00 Silvia Romio. El “pre-Baguazo” y sus historias: anatomía de un conflicto (Alto Marañón- Perú).
12:00 12:20 Juana Valentina Nieto Moreno. Narrar la violencia: Mujeres uitoto, agencia y transformación.
12:20 12:40 Anne Marie Losonczy: Discussant
Session 2
14:30 14:50 Evgenia Fotiou. Embodiment and Sorcery in Shamanic Tourism.
14:50 15:10 Tarryl Janik. A Return to Dark Shamans: Kanaima & the Cosmology of Threat.
15:10 15:30 Nelsa de la Hoz. Dueños del rezo y dueños del soplo.
15:30 15:50 Tatiane Maíra Klein. “Nossa arma é somente nossa reza”: como os xamãs kaiowa e guarani vão à guerra.
15:50 16:10 Mauricio Pardo: Discussant
Saturday, 29 June, KHM Bassano Saal (please note the change of room)
Session 3
16:40 17:00 Laura Pérez Gil. Pusangas, brujería y relaciones conyugales entre los Yaminawa (Amazonía Peruana).
17:00 17:20 Anne Marie Losonczy & Mauricio Pardo: Discussants
17:20 17:40 General discussion

PANEL 06: Memorias de violencia, visiones para el futuro: perspectivas antropológicas en contextos de pos-conflicto amazónicos

Silvia Romio, EHESS, France / PUCP, Peru
Marco Tobón, PPGAS UNICAMP, Brazil

Chairs: Silvia Romio, Marco Tobón
Discussant: Hanne Veber, Frederiks Vaerk Museo Industrial, Denmark

Dialogar, discutir y reflexionar sobre “Memorias de violencia y post-conflicto” en Amazonia aparece actualmente como un hecho impostergable, un tema que no solo nos remite al estado de la situación humanitaria de las sociedades amazónicas, también a los desafíos políticos regionales, a la lucha por los derechos y a los desafíos en la re-construcción de tejidos sociales en contextos recientemente (o históricamente) removidos por dinámicas de guerras. Es nuestro deseo armar una mesa de discusión que abarque y reflexione sobre las múltiples formas de relación, acción y performance que los diferentes grupos amazónicos van construyendo con la memoria de su pasado (de curación, de olvido, de relación onírica, de venganza, de motor de vida…) , dentro de un contexto de pos-conflicto. ¿Cómo los cuerpos, las voces y las memorias son movilizados en los desafíos de reconstrucción social y cultural? ¿De qué forma, y bajo cuales modalidades, la memoria, el olvido, los rituales o los gestos cotidianos terminan por re-formular las experiencias recientemente vividas? Finalmente, nos aproximaremos a explorar bajo cuales perspectivas y finalidades, el pasado es gestionado mediante las palabras, los gestos, los silencios y las performances de actores indígenas (o no indígenas) en sus dinámicas cotidianas, y qué tipo de sociedades son puestas en marcha con tales gestiones culturales.

Panel Schedule

Friday, 28 June, KHM Vortragssaal
Session 1
9:30 9:45 Natali Durand Guevara (remote connection). Cuando los río se cruzan – mitología, etnicidad y resistencia en el conflicto armado interno peruano: una mirada desde el pueblo asháninka.
9:45 10:00 Andrés Napurí Espejo. Eeja múúja: The testimony of an indigenous Bora woman during the Amazon Rubber Boom.
10:00 10:15 Philipp Naucke. ¿Cómo estudiar las memorias de la violencia política? Reflexiones metodológicas a partir del caso de la masacre de Cuarto Pueblo (Ixcán, Guatemala).
10:15 10:30 Silvia Romio. “Yo he servido a mi patria”: Memorias de conflicto entre los ex-reservistas awajún del Alto Marañón (Amazonía peruana).
10:30 10:45 Marco Tobón. Humanizar lo feroz: Guerra y memoria entre los murui-muina.
10:45 11:10 Debate
Session 2
11:40 11:55 Carlos Eduardo Franky Calvo / Dany Mahecha (remote connection). Olvidar para renacer: Elementos para comprender las formas de la memoria entre los Nükak (Amazonia colombiana).
11:55 12:10 Pedro Fermín Maguire (remote connection). Arqueología de las ‘cárceles indígenas’ de Minas Gerais, Brasil.
12:10 12:25 Hanne Veber: Reflexiones finales
12:25 12:40 Debate final

PANEL 07: Addressing Power Asymmetries: Hopes and Experiences of New Forms of Participation and Collaboration in Lowland South America

Andrea M. Vásquez Fernández, University of British Columbia, Canada
Giancarlo Rolando Betancourt, University of Virginia, USA
Juan Pablo Sarmiento Barletti, Center for International Forestry Research
Evan Killick, University of Sussex, UK

Chairs: Giancarlo Rolando Betancourt (panel chair); Evan Killick, Juan Pablo Sarmiento Barletti & Andrea M. Vásquez Fernández (session chairs)

This panel explores the possibilities and weaknesses of participatory and collaborative approaches in engaging with the continued economic, social and political marginalisation of Indigenous Peoples across Latin America. Based on experience or plans for new forms of research and relationships with Peoples of Lowland South America or on research on the collaborative approaches of others the papers will address the recent academic, political and public calls for participatory approaches and a wider decolonization of research, theories and methodologies. While we would suggest that the importance of participative methods and forms of collaboration have long been evident in the work and activities of many scholars, advocates and workers in the region there is nevertheless a need to assess their relative success as well as to refine and propose concrete and enduring forms of collaboration based around symmetrical relations. This panel seeks ways in which changing the methodologies and practices of research might be part of solving the problem of its potential complicity in existing hierarchical regimes while also continuing to critically engage with the regions’ populations and issues.Papers on the panel will be given by individuals working at the intersection of Indigenous demands and scholarly research in a range of different fields and contexts. Papers will engage with questions about how research can support Indigenous Peoples as well as the limitations and restrictions such efforts face. Other questions will be how this responsibility translates into research agenda-setting, methodological decisions, and forms of knowledge co-production and dissemination. (Español)

Panel Schedule

Panel chair: Giancarlo Rolando Betancourt
Friday, 28 June, WMW Forum
Session 1 (chair: Evan Killick)
11:40 12:00 Thomas Niederberger. Productive contradictions? Practicing engaged anthropology with the Autonomous Government of the Wampis Nation (Peruvian Amazon).
12:00 12:20 Andrea M. Vásquez Fernández. Mutual Respect? A collaborative project with the Asheeninka and Yine Peoples from the Peruvian Amazon.
12:20 12:40 Discussion
Session 2 (chair: Juan Pablo Sarmiento Barletti)
14:30 14:50 Giancarlo Rolando Betancourt. Trouble in Paradise: collaboration and participatory conservation.
14:50 15:10 Luis Felipe Torres Espinoza. What does it mean to “protect”?: A Yine approach to rights protection policies for isolated indigenous peoples (Madre de Dios. Peru).
15:10 15:30 Leonidas Oikonomakis. From the Rainy Place to the Burnt Palace: How Social Movements form their Political Strategies. The Case of the Six Federations of the Tropic of Cochabamba.
15:30 15:50 Evan Killick. Decolonial Limitations? A consideration of apparent barriers to equalizing research and collaboration in Peruvian Amazonia.
15:50 16:10 Discussion
Session 3 (chair: Andrea M. Vásquez Fernández)
16:40 17:00 Jeremy Campbell. A Land Ethic for Amazonia: Territorial Auto-demarcation and Interethnic Collaborations in the Tapajós Valley.
17:00 17:20 Volker von Bremen. Gestión Territorial – Un desafío para la cooperación indígena?
17:20 17:40 Mauricio Caviedes. Enseñar marxismo entre los Uitoto: La experiencia de un antropólogo promoviendo el movimiento indígena amazónico.
17:40 18:00 Juan Pablo Sarmiento Barletti. Who represents whom? The challenges of collaboration and representation in Loreto’s Mesa PIACI (Peruvian Amazon).
18:00 18:20 Discussion

PANEL 08: Cristianismos controvertidos: diversificación de los modelos cristianos y relaciones interdenominacionales en las tierras bajas de América del Sur

Elise Capredon, EHESS, Paris, France
Minna Opas, University of Turku, Finland

Chairs: Elise Capredon, Minna Opas
Discussant: Véronique Boyer, CNRS, Mondes Américains, France

El cristianismo se ha vuelto un tema de investigación importante en los estudios sobre las tierras bajas de América del Sur durante las últimas décadas. Sin embargo, fue analizado principalmente desde la perspectiva de la conversión de pueblos indígenas a formas de cristianismo introducidas por misioneros extranjeros. El objetivo de este panel consiste en enriquecer nuestro conocimiento los movimientos cristianos en las tierras bajas de América del Sur focalizándonos no en la conversión sino en las relaciones entre los cristianos de diferentes obediencias y en las circulaciones entre diversas formas de cristianismo a escala local. Trataremos de entender lo que está en juego en las disputas religiosas (entre órdenes católicas, entre católicos y protestantes, entre distintas denominaciones evangélicas, etc.), cómo surgen nuevas iglesias a través de disidencias o como se pasa de una iglesia a otra. Para ello nos interesaremos en los discursos sobre la ortodoxia – la forma correcta de cristianismo. Nos preguntaremos también en qué medida el vocabulario que usamos es adecuado para describir las experiencias cristianas de las poblaciones estudiadas prestando interés a las categorías vernáculas. El panel está abierto a contribuciones que abordan situaciones históricas o presentes en contextos tanto indígenas como no-indígenas. Asuntos posibles incluyen – pero no se limitan a – la lucha entre diferentes tipos de misioneros por la evangelización de los habitantes de las tierras bajas de América del Sur, las controversias y negociaciones inter e intradenominacionales que ocurren dentro de las comunidades locales sobre las formas correctas de cristianismo o las modalidades de cambio de afiliación cristiana.

Panel Schedule

Friday, 28 June, KHM Bassano Saal
Session 1
9:30 9:50 César Ceriani. Procesos de misionalización y políticas de la cultura en el Chaco indígena argentino.
9:50 10:10 Erik Pozo-Buleje. Católicos y evangélicos: sobre las formas correctas de matrimonio y parientes prohibidos para la vida conyugal cristiana y la persistencia del sistema de parentesco y matrimonio jíbaro awajún (aguaruna) de la Amazonía Peruana.
10:10 10:30 Anna Meiser. ¿Cómo (y hasta qué punto) indigenizar el cristianismo?: Debates entre y dentro iglesias indígenas sobre la autenticidad e identidad del ser “indígena cristiano” en la Amazonía Alta.
10:30 10:50 Minna Opas. Spaces in-between: Inter-denominational dynamics among the Yine.
10:50 11:10 Véronique Boyer. “As “Ordens de ministros” como tentativas de conter a oferta evangélica: a salvação por Jesus contra a institucionalização (Amazônia brasileira).
Session 2
11:40 12:00 Elise Capredon. Uniones y divisiones entre las Iglesias evangélicas indígenas: el caso de las Iglesias shipibo de la Amazonía peruana.
12:00 12:20 Véronique Boyer (discussant)
12:20 12:40 Questions and commments

PANEL 09: Gender Reconfigurations in Indigenous Amazonia

Juliet S. Erazo, Florida International University, USA
Ernesto J. Benitez, Florida International University, USA

Chair: Juliet S. Erazo
Discussant: Laura Zanotti, Purdue University, USA

Gender has long been a topic of interest for anthropologists working in lowland South America, particularly in the Amazonian region. Scholars have critically interrogated the complex processes by which women and men produce, enact and reproduce gendered identities and fulfill gendered roles within their societies. A more recent but rapidly growing line of inquiry has turned its attention to the shifting contours and transformations of gender within indigenous societies, with special attention to how these have been shaped by colonial relations of power, capitalist development and contemporary struggles for indigenous rights. This panel will examine these shifts and transformations from multiple angles, including memory, performance, and leadership. We will explore a wide range of interactions that have contributed to shifting notions and performances of gender, spanning from the very intimate engagements that can occur between tour guides and tourists, to the international arenas of scientific conferences and United Nations treaty negotiations.

Panel Schedule

Saturday, 29 June, WMW Forum
Session 1
16:40 17:00 Emily Colón, Female Indigenous Engagement with Belem +30.
17:00 17:20 Juliet S. Erazo, Becoming Politicians: Indigenous Women’s Processes of Running for and Holding Elected Office.
17:20 17:40 Ernesto J. Benitez, “All great warriors had long hair”: the impact of Amazonian tourism on Kichwa masculinity and sexuality in Napo, Ecuador.
17:40 18:00 Discussant: Laura Zanotti
18:00 18:20 Discussion
Sunday, 30 June, WMW Forum
Session 2
10:00 10:20 Daniela Botero Marulanda, Cambios en las relaciones de género en las danzas murui-muina en un contexto urbano.
10:20 10:40 Diana Rosas Riaño, “Yo me partí”: narrativas sobre la experiencia de la primera menstruación en mujeres tanimuca, matapi, yucuna y letuama.
10:40 11:00 Discussant: Laura Zanotti
11:00 11:40 Discussion

PANEL 10: Native Objects, World Histories: studies of Brazilian indigenous objects in European Museums

Mariana Françozo, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Felipe Vander Velden, Universidade Federal de São Carlos UFSCar, Brazil

Chair: Mariana Françozo

During the colonial period, Europeans in the New World collected indigenous material culture to be exhibited in what were first cabinets of curiosities and later national museums. In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, collecting-mania was replaced by systematic collecting as part of early anthropological and archaeological scientific practices. As these disciplines developed, so did the scope and profile of indigenous collections. These numerous assemblages now housed in European museums are the material heritage of indigenous peoples. As such, they provide a wealth of information about indigenous histories and ways of life, as well as about their interactions with non-indigenous peoples and worlds. In the particular case of Brazilian collections, since the mid-twentieth century anthropologists and historians have been trying to locate and document the many collections taken from Brazil to Europe, sometimes being able to reconstruct collection biographies and object trajectories, other times trying to reconnect historical collections to indigenous knowledge practices and identities in the present-day. The aim of this panel is to bring together researchers working on studies of ethnographic and/or archaeological collections from both a material culture perspective (in-depth object analysis) and a historical perspective (focusing on histories of collections), or both. The panel looks at both archaeological and ethnographic collections as a means to question the sometimes unnecessarily rigid divide between pre- and post-contact temporalities.

Panel Schedule

Friday, 28 June, WMW DG41
Session 1
11:40 11:55 Leandro Matthews Cascon / Mariana Françozo. Museum Objects, Native Choices: Investigating Tupi ethnographic artifacts as sources of transmission of indigenous knowledge and agency.
11:55 12:10 Christian Feest. Collecting and Displaying Botocudos in Europe in the 1820s.
12:10 12:40 Discussion
Session 2
14:30 14:45 Martin E. Berger. Shopping for Completeness: Collecting Latin America at Museum Volkenkunde Leiden in the 1960s.
14:45 15:00 Alexander Brust. Pinturas, objetos y los seres nobles: Multiples usos e interpretaciones de colecciones entre Brasil y Europa.
15:00 15:15 Manuela Fischer / Adriana Muñoz. Archives for the future.
15:15 15:30 Beatrix Hoffmann-Ihde. The Xipaya and Kuruaya collection at the Ethnological Museum Berlin.
15:30 16:10 Discussion
Session 3
16:40 16:55 Meliam Viganó Gaspar / Igor M. Mariano Rodrigues. An (ethno)archaeology of ethnographic collections: Cariban case studies.
16:55 17:10 Carla Jaimes Betancourt / Taynã Tagliati Souza. Rauschert’s archaeological ceramic collection from northwest Amazon in Bonn.
17:10 17:25 Renato Athias. Anthropological research in ethnographic museums, new issues for an old debate.
17:25 18:20 Discussion
Saturday, 29 June, WMW DG41
Session 4
11:00 11:15 Caroline Fernandes Caromano. The musealization of fire: What can Amazonian artefacts in European museums bring to light?
11:15 11:30 Konrad Rybka. Linguistic, ethnographic, and art collections: a study of fire fans in South America.
11:30 11:45 Wolfgang Kapfhammer. Wahi. Stories of beads, wars, and resilience.
11:45 12:00 Felipe Vander Velden. Exotic materials, native artifacts: Exploring objects in the encounter between Amerindian peoples and Old-world animals.
12:00 12:40 Discussion

PANEL 11: Emptied landscapes and stranger items: Erasures, non-relationaility and reimaginations

Stine Krøijer, Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
María A. Guzmán-Gallegos, University of Oslo, Norway

Chair: Stine Krøijer
Discussant: Harry Walker, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK

For the last two decades, anthropological scholarship has proposed that relationality is a central characteristic of Native Amazonian worlds. Viveiros de Castro suggests that entities named by substantives like fish or snakes are not defined in terms of their intrinsic properties. They are conceived of as relational pointers – similar to kinship terms – that are defined in terms of their relations to something else. This panel asks if, how and when non-relational entities, that is entities which it is not possible or not desirable to relate to, emerge in lowland South America. In Naturalism and the Invention of Identity (2017) Strathern discusses how notions of persons as self-contained entities has gradually stabilized in Europe since the late 1700 C. Concomitantly, it became common in modern Europe to conceptualize such self-contained persons as relating to each other through external relations. In this panel we follow Strathern’s insights about how notions of relationality change over time and her idea of ‘cutting the network’, for example due the recognition of individual property rights. This panel explores what we can learn about notions of relationality and the constitution of entities if we focus on the ongoing transformations of landscapes in the Amazon such as the establishment of plantations, resource extraction and infrastructural development, and practices around stranger items and consumer goods. We invite contributions that describe persons, things and landscapes that are perceived as non-relational entities and which may entail radically different imaginations of the social. We have in mind items and landscapes that perceived as empty or detached, which withstand efforts of relating, operate outside human control or actively produce erasures or detachments.

Panel Schedule

Saturday, 29 June, KHM Vortragssaal
Session 1
16:40 17:00 María A. Guzmán-Gallegos. Small scale gold mining and barren landscapes in Southern Ecuadorian Amazonia.
17:00 17:05 Questions and Comments (Stine Krøjer)
17:05 17:25 Rob Davenport. Between the “wild” and the enslaved: Amazonian cacao landscapes in the Anthropocene.
17:25 17:30 Questions and Comments (Andrea Sempertegui)
17:30 17:40 Harry Walker (discussant)
Sunday, 30 June, KHM Vortragssaal
Session 2
10:00 10:20 Stine Krøijer. Oil Palms and Emptiness: The Clearcutting of Tree Spirits in Northeastern Ecuador.
10:20 10:25 Questions and Comments (Rob Davenport)
10:25 10:45 Andrea Sempertegui. Amazonian Women and Ecofeminists in Ecuador: A Partially Connected Allyship.
10:45 10:50 Questions and Comments (Andrea Bravo)
10:50 11:10 Andrea Bravo Diaz. Stories of networks that infrastructures tell.
11:10 11:15 Questions and Comments (María A. Guzmán)
11:15 11:40 Harry Walker (discussant)

PANEL 12: Indigenous childhoods and environmental transformations

Jan David Hauck, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK
Giovanna Bacchiddu, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Chair: Giovanna Bacchiddu
Discussant: Antonella Tassinari, CFH/UFSC, Brazil

This panel discusses indigenous children’s understandings of and engagement with the environment in which they grow up and its human and nonhuman inhabitants. The relationships of indigenous peoples to the environments they inhabit have become an increasingly visible area of study, owing to an interest in human–nonhuman entanglements and indigenous ways of knowing on the one hand, and to major transformations that indigenous communities are undergoing on the other – both of which are related to the global ecological crisis. Yet how do children come to know and navigate their communities, gardens, rivers, fields, or forests? During childhood, we are socialized not only into becoming culturally competent members of our communities, but also into navigating the physical environment that provides the context for our upbringing. What are children’s trajectories through different spaces, and how do they learn how to navigate them? How do they relate to human and nonhuman others that they encounter on their paths? And how do they respond to transformations of these spaces in the face of developmental projects, expansion of roads into remote territories, urbanization, loss of habitat to deforestation, or forced migration due to violence or environmental degradation? Different and rapidly changing contexts often demand or presuppose alternative and possibly competing sets of knowledge and skills. How do children acquire these and put them to use? How might different and changing environments afford different patterns of interaction among children and with caregivers? And what are the meanings that particular places and locations have or acquire for children? We seek contributions that address these and related questions.

Panel Schedule

Thursday, 27 June, WMW DG41
Session 1
13:50 14:10 Giovanna Bacchiddu. In dialogue with rural schoolchildren: constructing knowledge between art and life in Chiloé, Chile.
14:10 14:30 Lauren Dodaro. Exploring Connections in Environmental Education, Traditional Ecological Knowledge, and Empowerment in the Ecuadorian Amazon.
14:30 14:40 Questions and Answers
14:40 15:00 Josué Carvalho (remote connection). While adults play: ancestor epistemologies and the indigenous children of the contemporary South of Brazil.
15:00 15:20 Carlos David Londoño Sulkin. Morality and the inimical gaze.
15:20 15:30 Questions and Answers
Session 2
16:00 16:20 Carmen Maria Sanchez Caro (remote connection). Performando indigenismo en Bogota.
16:20 16:40 Emmanuelle Ricaud Oneto. Estrategias alimentarias infantiles y comida escolar entre los Napuruna – Kichwa del río Napo – y los Maijuna – Tukano occidentales -, Amazonía peruana.
16:40 16:50 Questions and Answers
16:50 17:10 Keilyn Rodríguez-Sánchez. El amamantamiento hasta la pubertad y alomaterno como técnicas familiares para la cohesión intergeneracional étnica y ambiental entre los borucas y los cabécares.
17:10 17:30 Thais de Carvalho Rodrigues Lopes. Extractivism in the Amazon basin and its effects on indigenous childhoods: what threatens the rainforest’s children?
17:30 17:40 Questions and Answers
Friday, 28 June, WMW DG41
Session 3
9:30 9:50 Francesca Mezzenzana. The living forest? Children and animism in indigenous Amazonia.
9:50 10:10 Courtney Stafford-Walter. From the farm/forest to school: spirit relations and reciprocity in Southern Guyana.
10:10 10:20 Questions and Answers
10:20 10:40 Antonella Tassinari. Discussant
10:40 11:10 General Discussion

WORKSHOP: Amerindian Linguistic Natures

Guilherme Orlandini Heurich, University College London, UK
Jan David Hauck, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK

This workshop aims at exploring “natures of language” in indigenous collectives of Lowland South America, following the approach we have developed in the 2018 Language & Communication special issue “Language in the Amerindian Imagination.” In the workshop we will discuss the question “what language is” as it pertains to particular ethnographic contexts. Foregrounding local conceptions of practices such as conversations, songs, wailing, narratives, oratory, music and the like, usually understood to be instances of more abstract and all-encompassing notions such as “language,” “discourse,” or “communication,” our aim is to explore possible ontological variation between these. We are particularly interested in their relationship to concepts such as nature, culture, or humanity, where ontological difference has already been amply discussed. In the Western intellectual tradition, the emergence of “language” as autonomous domain was intimately tied to its mediating role in the separation of nature/nonhumans and society/culture/humanity (as discussed by Bauman and Briggs, with reference to Latour’s work on the modern constitution). Ethnographies from the Americas provide evidence of alternative ontologies (sensu Viveiros de Castro) as well as discourse practices that defy the privileging of symbolic, denotational, or referential aspects of discourse, challenging its separation from the realms of practice, the body, the nonhuman, and the material, and the universality of an all-encompassing “nature of language” underlying variation. If the latter is an artifact of the Western imaginary, then how do Amerindian intellectual traditions make sense of different discursive phenomena and compare or translate between linguistic forms?

Workshop Schedule

Friday, 28 June, WMW DG18 (limited admission)
Session 1
14:30 15:00 Pedro de Niemeyer Cesarino. Verbal arts and speculative knowledge in Amazonia.
15:00 15:30 Laura Graham. Speaking/Singing as Spirits: Revisiting Semanticity and Melody in the Multiple Natures of Language.
15:30 16:10 Discussion
Session 2
16:40 17:10 Renato Sztutman. Notas sobre a relação entre linguagem e política nas terras baixas da América do Sul.
17:10 17:40 Jan David Hauck. On the emergence of language.
17:40 18:20 Discussion
Saturday, 29 June, WMW DG18 (limited admission)
Session 3
11:00 11:30 Filip Rogalski. Name, voice, and ethos – enacting agents in the everyday life among the Arabela (Peruvian Amazonia).
11:30 12:00 Christopher Ball. Enaction in Amazonia.
12:00 12:40 Discussion
Session 4
14:30 15:00 Juan Alvaro Echeverri. Language is Breath: Aunque aprendas poco se te abre el coco.
15:00 15:30 Guilherme Orlandini Heurich. Voice and voicing in Amazonia.
15:30 16:10 Discussion

Thematic Session 1: Outside views and indigenous realities

Chair: Natalia García Bonet, University of Kent, UK

Session Schedule

Thursday, 27 June, KHM Vortragssaal
13:50 14:10 Dany Mahecha Rubio / Leonardo Arias, Una mirada multidisciplinar a la historia de las relaciones inter-étnicas en el Noroeste Amazónico.
14:10 14:30 Alexander Zanesco, The Mission as an Indigenous Strategy. The Case of the Sirionó, Bolivia.
14:30 14:40 Questions and Answers
14:40 15:00 Suzanne Oakdale. Purported Love Affairs and the Demarcation of the Xingu Park: Media and the Entanglement of Moral and State Recognition in mid twentieth century Brazil.
15:00 15:20 John Hemming, Relations between the Villas Boas brothers and anthropologists in the Xingu, 1947-1975.
15:20 15:30 Questions and Answers

Thematic Session 2: Sensing and knowing a transforming world

Chair: Carlos David Londoño Sulkin, University of Regina, Canada

Session Schedule

Thursday, 27 June, KHM Vortragssaal
16:00 16:20 Caissa Revilla Minaya. Biological Conservation and Ontological Conflicts among the Matsigenka of the Peruvian Amazon.
16:20 16:40 Beth Conklin. Between Science and Symbol: Microbial Perspectives on Sensory Perception and Social Practice in Native Amazonia.
16:40 16:50 Questions and comments
16:50 17:10 Erik Levin. The Amawaka Sensorium and the Practice of Perspectivism.
17:10 17:30 Pawel Chyc. Animism and language shift among the Moré from the Bolivian Amazon.
17:30 17:40 Questions and comments

Thematic Session 3: Ambivalent Encounters: Emotions, Memory, Power

Chair: Jeremy M. Campbell, Roger Williams University, USA

Session Schedule

Thursday, 27 June, KHM Bassano Saal
16:00 16:20 Harry Walker. Between pity and respect: rethinking Amazonian egalitarianism.
16:20 16:30 Questions and discussion
16:30 16:50 Gabriel Torrealba Alfonzo. Images of debt: Kukama perceptions of indebtedness in Peruvian Amazonia.
16:50 17:00 Questions and discussion
17:00 17:20 James Andrew Whitaker. Ontologies of Colonial Encounter Among the Makushi.
17:20 17:40 Questions and discussion

–Carlos D. Londoño Sulkin (SALSA President 2017-2020), Jeremy M. Campbell (SALSA President-Elect 2020-2023), Laura Zanotti (Secretary-Treasurer 2017-2020), Claudia Augustat (SALSA 2019 Conference Organizer), Juan Alvaro Echeverri (SALSA 2019 Academic Program Chair), Glenn Shepard (SALSA Webmaster).